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Things To Do And To See At Thung Nham Bird Garden In Ninh Binh Vietnam

As the dwelling place for numerous precious bird species, Thung Nham Bird Garden stands out as one of Ninh Binh's finest natural gems that should not be overlooked during your travels. With its terrain hidden amidst the interwoven mountains, diverse flora and fauna, and a distinctive system of natural caves, this location has been favored by Mother Nature over millions of years. Thung Nham Bird Park serves as an oasis, distinguished by the crisp mountain air and forest freshness, captivating the hearts of those seeking a harmonious connection with the natural world. For those seeking places to rest, you have truly come to the right destination. Here, you'll fall in love with the many things to see at Thung Nham Bird Garden.

1. About Thung Nham Bird Garden - Homeland of many bird species

Thung Nham Bird Garden Ninh Binh covered by the green hues of Nature

  • Address : Ninh Hai, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh
  • Opening hours : 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM (Daily opening)
  • Entrance fee : 150.000 VND/person (including children above 1.3m in height).
  • (Note: Free of charge for children below 1m in height, and 150.000 VND for individuals with a height between 1m-1.3m. This entrance fee does not cover additional services)
  • Service Fees :
    •   Electric car : 40.000 VND / person
    •   Swimming pool : 130.000 VND/person (100.000 VND for kids from 1m-1.3m and free of charge for kids below 1m)
  • Google Map :
Thung Nham Bird Garden Ninh Binh is the largest nature reserve in the Northern region of Vietnam, situated within the Thung Nham eco-tourism area, a part of the renowned Trang An scenic complex, approximately 12km southeast of Ninh Binh city. With a natural wetland ecosystem spanning approximately 334.2 hectares, including 19 hectares of pristine forest, Thung Nham Bird Garden serves as the habitat for around 46 bird species, 109 plant species, and 150 animal species.
The name "Thung Nham" originates from the specific geographical features of the area: "Thung" means valley, a land nestled amidst towering mountain ranges, while "Nham" refers to limestone, rocky mountains, or it could also be related to the village of Hai Nham in Ninh Hai commune.
This area showcases the harmonious blend of diverse landscapes, ranging from lush valleys to majestic rocky mountains. Its name reflects not only the geography but also the rich cultural heritage intertwined with the nearby village of Hai Nham. Thung Nham Bird Garden stands as a testament to the unique beauty and cultural richness awaiting visitors to explore and appreciate.

2. Visit top must-see attractions in Thung Nham Bird Garden

Thung Nham covers an expansive area of 334.2 hectares, encompassing a diverse range of integrated ecotourism features. The site boasts mangrove forests, pristine woodlands, captivating caves, bird gardens, orchards, flower islands, mountain climbing opportunities, and more. As a result, there are many things to see at Thung Nham Bird Garden

2.1 Visit Orchard Garden in Thung Nham Bird Garden

Lychee at Thung Nham Bird Garden
Spread across 80,000 square meters, the orchards at Thung Nham boast an array of fruit trees from diverse tropical regions, including apples, guava, star fruit, mango, persimmon, lychee, and more. A visit to Thung Nham Orchard offers an immersive experience amidst the serene farm landscape.
Moreover, visitors have the opportunity to partake in hands-on gardening activities, truly embracing the role of a farmer. Additionally, the chance to climb trees and personally pluck ripe fruits, savoring their sweetness right in the orchard, enhances the overall delight of the visit.
Beyond its expansive orchard, Thung Nham Bird Garden Ninh Binh takes pride in its extensive clean vegetable nursery, spanning an area of 1,000 square meters. The organic vegetable garden at Thung Nham cultivates a variety of seasonal vegetables, tubers, and fruits, including cucumbers, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, assorted herbs, and more. This multi-faceted agricultural haven beckons visitors to indulge in the beauty of nature and the joy of hands-on cultivation.

2.2. Visit Mermaid Cave (Tien Ca Cave) in Thung Nham Bird Garden

The carvern and its stone mountains

Tiên Cá Cave is a natural karst cave showcasing the distinctive features of Ninh Binh. With a length of approximately 500 meters, the cave widens to about 40 meters at its broadest point and reaches a height of 30 meters. Visitors explore the cave by walking along a winding bamboo bridge that stretches inside the mountain.
Named "Tiên Cá Cave" (Mermaid Cave) due to its magnificent landscape and the cool underground stream that evokes the imagery of the ocean floor. The cave's interior features layers of glittering stalactites intricately arranged by nature, resembling a luxurious palace—a dwelling place for the Water King and mermaids. The formations within the cave bear a striking resemblance to natural wonders, such as coral reefs, diamond waterfalls, dolphins, elephant heads, and crocodiles. The enchantment of Tiên Cá Cave lies in the beauty of the stone formations and the delicate droplets of water flowing throughout the year.
Before being named Tiên Cá Cave, this place was known as "Cá Cave" because it was a gathering place for two fish species: the "Tràu Tiến Vua" fish and the "Rô Tổng Trường" fish. Legend has it that these fish were exceptionally rare and delicious. In ancient times, when people caught them, they would offer them to the King, and only the Royal Court was allowed to enjoy such a delicacy.

2.3. Visit Vai Gioi Cave in Thung Nham Bird Garden

The majestic beauty of Vai Gioi Cave
Formed around the 10th century, Vai Gioi Cave is the oldest dated natural cave in the region. As commonly observed in rice-cultivating civilizations, human perspectives on nature are often intertwined with spiritual stories and supernatural powers. With a rich imagination, the local people here believe that the space within the cave is divided into three symbolic levels: Heaven, Earth, and Hell, making it a place that you must see in Ninh Binh.
Stepping through the main cave entrance leads to the "Earth" level, where smooth, glossy layers of stalactites resemble the simple and familiar everyday life of ordinary people.
Continuing down the stone steps, visitors will encounter imposing stalactite formations on either side of the path—likened to watchdogs guarding the entrance to Hell. The eerie and mysteriously dark atmosphere recreates vividly the underground world.
Crossing a stream to wash away the dust, a narrow iron staircase will take visitors up to the "Heaven" level. This level is considered a sacred realm with a solemn altar dedicated to Buddha. What makes it even more special among many things to see at Thung Nham Bird Garden is the skylight that opens up to a panoramic view, allowing observers to marvel at the stunning landscape of the valley below.
With an expansive area of up to 5000m2 and a history dating back centuries, Vai Gioi Cave holds not only scenic and geological value but also serves as a spiritually significant land in the local people's spiritual world. It is said that in ancient times, the people of Hoa Lu held ceremonies here, praying for favorable weather, abundant harvests, and national prosperity. The cave is regarded as a convergence point between heaven and earth, where Yin and Yang harmonize.

2.4. Visit But Cave in Thung Nham Bird Garden

But Cave's mystic beauty
With its unique geographical location, the But Cave reveals itself through the emerald green waters, adorned with legends woven through generations.
Ancient tales recount that the But Cave was once the solitary path leading to a lush, abundant valley. In times of famine, the stalwart men of the families had to bravely traverse dense forests and towering cliffs of Mount Tuong in search of sustenance. One year, after a massive flood, locals discovered the deep cave. However, fear of the darkness and lurking dangers prevented many from venturing deep into the cavern. Until one day, they encountered a venerable old man with a gentle demeanor and silver-white beard. He guided them through the But Cave, leading them to safety on the other side. What unfolded before them was a promised land of abundance. Overjoyed, the villagers, upon returning to express gratitude to the old man, found no trace of him. In the very spot where he stood, there remained only a stone statue bearing his likeness. The villagers believed that the old man was none other than a celestial Buddha who descended to rescue them. From that moment, the locals wholeheartedly worshipped him, and the cave became known as But Cave.
Having undergone thousands of years of nature's artistic touch, this place now resembles a captivating museum of natural artistry. The intricate formations and ethereal beauty of But Cave make it a must-visit destination in Ninh Binh Vietnam, steeped in both natural wonders and a rich tapestry of cultural history.

In addition to the activities mentioned earlier, a delightful way to enhance your visit to Thung Nham is by leisurely cycling beneath the lush canopies. Hence, you have the option to hire a bicycle and explore the tree-lined paths, immersing yourself in the serene and romantic surroundings.
Cycling around Thung Nham Bird Garden
Lastly, don't forget to consider renting traditional Vietnamese attire within the Thung Nham ecotourism area for capturing beautiful photographs. Moreover, you have the opportunity to partake in a unique experience by sitting on a boat and releasing flower lanterns while making wishes—a truly captivating and enjoyable adventure.
Capturing the beauty of nature at Thung Nham Bird Garden

3. Best Time to visit Thung Nham Bird Garden

 The birds are gathering at the top of the tree at dawn

Thung Nham Bird Garden Ninh Binh is renowned for its open and refreshing natural scenery, marking a prominent spot on the Ninh Binh tourist map. Each season graces this place with its unique charm, making it an inviting destination at any time of the year. However, for those seeking the beauty of the birds, autumn stands out as the best time to visit Thung Nham bird garden. As the weather turns cooler, the birds commence their search for sustenance or an early winter haven. Two timeframes await visitors to witness the sight of thousands of birds gracefully soaring in the sky: the early morning departure from their nests for foraging and the late afternoon return to their nests.

4. How to visit Thung Nham Bird Garden

How to get to Thung Nham Bird Garden? To reach Thung Nham Bird Garden, you'll start your journey by traveling from Hanoi to Ninh Binh. The Thung Nham ecotourism area is situated approximately 112 km from Hanoi, and there are several transportation options available:
  • By Bus
Travelling to Ninh Binh by Bus
Depart from either My Dinh or Giap Bat bus station in Hanoi and take a bus to Ninh Binh. The fare for this 2-hour journey is approximately 120,000 VND.
  • By Motorbike
Travelling to Ninh Binh by Motorbike
Travel by motorbike from Hanoi via National Highway 1A to Ninh Binh city. When you reach a large welcoming gate at a three-way intersection, turn right in the direction of Tam Coc-Bich Dong. Proceed for an additional 4 km along Road 30/6, then turn onto Vom Bridge to reach Thung Nham.
  • By Train
Travelling to Ninh Binh by Train
Trains departing from Hanoi to Ninh Binh have a travel time of around 2 hours. Upon arrival at Ninh Binh railway station, you can take a taxi or motorbike taxi to reach Thung Nham Bird Garden. Keep in mind that train schedules may be subject to changes based on weather conditions or operational safety. From there, you can continue your journey to Thung Nham Bird Garden by taxi or motorbike (approximately 30 minutes), or choose to stay overnight at a hotel if you catch a late train, planning to visit Thung Nham Bird Garden the next day.

5. Helpful tips

To ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip, it's advisable to carefully prepare the following:
  • Bring beverages and light snacks: This will help replenish energy as needed during the journey.
  • Insect repellent: Due to the terrain's characteristics, there may be a multitude of insects and bugs.
  • Carry a hat, raincoat, or umbrella: To protect against changing weather conditions.
  • Wear neat clothing: Opt for sports shoes or flat-soled shoes for ease of movement.
  • Prepare a map of the ecotourism area of Thung Nham: This will enable you to have a suitable route and be proactive during exploration.

In conclusion, Thung Nham Bird Garden offers a serene escape from urban life, inviting visitors to immerse themselves in the beauty of nature. From the captivating dance of birds in the lush forest to the enchanting melodies of unique species, there are truly remarkable things to see at Thung Nham Bird Garden, creating an experience to be cherished and remembered.

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