Thailand Travel Guide - Need to know
Apart from being a leading economy in the region, Thailand boasts a rich and unique culture, along with beautiful natural landscapes. Visitors can explore ancient pagodas and temples, relax on tropical beaches, and be charmed by the warm and friendly "Thai smiles" of the locals.
Covering an area of 513,000 km2 (198,000 square miles), Thailand shares borders with Laos and Cambodia to the east, Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand to the south, and the Andaman Sea to the west. Its territorial waters are adjacent to Vietnam, Indonesia, and India.
According to Thai history, the Thais originated in China's Altai Mountain 4,500 years ago and gradually migrated to present-day Thailand. They established the Sukhothai Buddhist kingdom in 1238, replacing the fading Khmer Empire.
The Thai expanded their territory southward and moved the capital to Ayuthaya in 1350. Siamese troops sacked Angkor in 1431, integrating Khmer culture. Thailand engaged in wars with Burma for 400 years. General Taksin fought for independence in 1767, moving the capital to Thonburi. King Rama I established Bangkok as the new capital in 1782.
Before 1932, Thailand was under an authoritarian monarchy. A bourgeois revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. On December 5, 1932, King Prachadhipok adopted Thailand's first constitution. The country transitioned to a parliamentary system in the 1980s.
Top places to visit in Thailand
As a gateway to nearby mountains and hill tribes, Chiang Mai provides opportunities for trekking, adventure activities, and cultural experiences. Whether exploring temples, shopping at bustling markets, or enjoying the natural beauty, Chiang Mai captivates travelers with its diverse offerings.
Thai culture is deeply influenced by Buddhism and water-dependent production, evident in their festive traditions. Thai people display devotion, reverence for the royal family, and respect for the elderly as part of their behavioral culture.
Weather in Thailand
The best time to visit Thailand is from November to March, offering pleasant weather, various festivals, and ideal discounts for shopping enthusiasts.
Public transportation is a popular choice for traveling within Bangkok city. Tourists can use the airport rail link, buses, BTS, or MRT, with affordable fares based on travel distance. Boats are also famous for reaching destinations like Wat Arun or Icon Siam.
For groups of 4 people, Grab car is a cost-effective choice as you can split the fare. Buses are frequently used for intercity travel, offering cheaper options compared to planes, though longer travel times.
Tuk-tuks are iconic in Thailand and ideal for short distances or night city explorations. Bargaining is common before hopping on a tuk-tuk.
Travel tips to Thailand
Thailand's currency is Baht, and you can exchange money at the airport or Superrich.
Thailand uses 220 AC electricity with two-prong round or flat sockets. Bring a universal travel adaptor for your gadgets.
US, UK, and EU passport holders get a free 30-day visa by air and 15-day visa overland, extendable. ASEAN passport holders get a free 30-day visa, but some may not extend it.
Beware of scams, especially on islands with alcohol-related accidents. Get travel insurance for adventure coverage, especially for scooter accidents. Have a valid motorcycle license from your home country, as most policies won't cover accidents without one.
Top Thailand Destinations
Mae Hong Son
Krabi - Phi Phi Island
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